An Expanding Nation: Period 1: Chris Barry, Emma Perichon, George Riser and Evans Van Liew

SOCIAL:

All of these topics relate to mainly immigration and what it brought to the table of young america. The irish famine, which was in 1849-50, was a huge potato famine that completely wiped out the potato crop in ireland. Many of the Irish that moved over to America used the Cunard line. This lead to a huge influx in irish immigration to America. Nativism was a product of this. Nativism is the fear that immigrants would take jobs and change the political and social structure of American life. For example in Lowell, Massachusetts, the multitude of mills relied on yankee women and children to work the mills, but the Irish started to take the jobs from the women and children. 

ECONOMIC:

The Erie canal was completed in 1825, it was opened by Samuel Morse, the effect was immediate and dramatic. It was a big change for the history of America with transportation and industry, it’s also resulted a massive population surge in western New York, and opened regions further west to increased settlement.

Dewitt Clinton was the mayor New York City he believed that such a canal was crucial to the advancement of his state and was largely responsible for the construction of the Canal.

The cotton dominated the economy and the Erie Canal and also over canals that were constructed in the same goal as the first canal, being able to transports the goods made the economy of the cotton took a really big place into the economy of America. The most important internal improvement resulting from the American System was the Erie canal because it created a system of interlocking canals that ran from the Hudson River to Erie canal.

POLITICAL:

The end of the Federalist Party marked the end of America’s elongated attempt to unify the states. You then see the majority of the Federalist party transition into the democratic party that would initiate universal manhood suffrage in the north. The whole nation was attempting to find an identity and also a way to run itself. In 1808, Albert Gallatin, proposed a thorough solution to solve America’s infrastructure problem. Canals and massive roadways would connect the alienated states and assist in building the American system. James Monroe would use utilize these ideas to get elected and promised a better unified state. 1817 marked the beginning of the era of good feelings where it would be driven by President Monroe’s goal to unify the country. The era came to an end in 1823 when slavery tensions began to rise between the states. In 1821 the Tallmadge Amendment was proposed by Missouri to protect slavery and even though they agreed to protect the right of blacks, they would never fulfill that promise. John Adams would follow Monroe as president but only due to the corrupt bargain with Henry Clay. The events that followed the era of good feelings would only foreshadow the problems only to come for the states. -Chris Barry

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